Serbia

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Share of renewable sources in heating and cooling in 2019: 26.65%

Number of district heating systems: 58

Share of district heating in total heat demand/supply: 20%*

Share of renewable sources in district heating system: less than 1%

Share of CHP technology in the district heating: 17.02%

Annual gross heat production in district heating: 585.1 ktoe

Serbia has the largest district heating system in the Western Balkans, with 58 operational systems, making up 28% of total heat production. The energy mix used for heat production consists of natural gas (74%), coal/lignite (17%), petroleum products (8%) and biomass (0.6%). Heat supply in Serbia is a service of general economic interest and is regulated by local self-government units. There is also an association of district heating companies (TOPS), which plays an important coordination role. Fifteen district heating companies introduced billing based on the consumption of individual units, while othes use billing based on a lump sum per square meter. A few projects successfully integrated renewable energy in district heating systems:

  • “Banat Sun for All” project in Pančevo, which consists of a roof-mounted solar thermal system to provide sanitary hot water to consumers.
  • Six district heating companies plan to switch from fossil fuels to biomass, with the financial support of German development bank (KfW) and Swiss Economic Cooperation and Development (SECO).

* IRENA REmap CESEC 2020