UKRAINE

Share of renewable sources in heating and cooling in 2019: 7.56%

Number of district heating systems: 1600

Share of district heating in total heat demand/supply: 29%*

Share of renewable sources in district heating system: 0.04%

Share of CHP technology in the district heating: 23.7%

Annual gross heat production in district heating: 6458 ktoe

Ukraine has a relatively developed district heating infrastructure, with over 1.600 district heating companies supplying centralized heat and hot water in urban areas. A 60% share of heat in district heating is generated in heat-only boilers, while another 24% in CHP plants. Ukraine is highly dependent on fossil fuels with gas and coal together accounting for around 90% of the total energy mix in the DH sector. A very small, but growing share of heat production in Ukraine is from renewables. Ukraine’s district heating sector is regulated either by municipalities or by the National Commission for State Energy and Public Utilities Regulation (NEURC). There is also an inter-sectoral association (Ukrteplocomunenergo Kyiv) that coordinates around 50 district heating companies. In recent years, significant progress has been achieved in switching from lump-sum billing per square meter of the heated area to consumption-based billing with the share of buildings equipped with heat meters growing from 40% in 2014 to 94% in 2018. Six Ukrainian cities (Lutsk, Zhytomyr, Ternopil, Lviv, Ivano-Frankivsk and Chernivtsi) are developing modernisation projects, of which two biomass-fired CHPs are under construction.

* IRENA REmap CESEC 2020